Nextcloud私网盘搭建

1. 搭建 LEMP 并配置 https

略,参考服务器迁移记录

2. 为NextCloud创建数据库和用户

创建数据库nextcloud;用户名nextcloud,密码XXXXXXXX

$ sudo mysql -u root -p
mysql> CREATE DATABASE nextcloud;
mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON nextcloud.* TO 'nextcloud'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'XXXXXXXX';
mysql> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
mysql> exit;

3. 配置PHP

$ sudo apt-get -y install php-fpm php-cli php-json php-curl php-imap php-gd php-mysql php-xml php-zip php-intl php-mcrypt php-imagick php-mbstring

配置PHP:

$ sudo sed -i "s/memory_limit = .*/memory_limit = 512M/" /etc/php/7.0/fpm/php.ini
$ sudo sed -i "s/;date.timezone.*/date.timezone = UTC/" /etc/php/7.0/fpm/php.ini
$ sudo sed -i "s/;cgi.fix_pathinfo=1/cgi.fix_pathinfo=1/" /etc/php/7.0/fpm/php.ini
$ sudo sed -i "s/upload_max_filesize = .*/upload_max_filesize = 200M/" /etc/php/7.0/fpm/php.ini
$ sudo sed -i "s/post_max_size = .*/post_max_size = 200M/" /etc/php/7.0/fpm/php.ini

重启PHP-FPM:

$ sudo service php7.0-fpm reload

4. 下载NextCloud

$ cd /tmp
$ wget https://download.nextcloud.com/server/releases/nextcloud-12.0.0.zip

解压并更改权限:

$ unzip nextcloud-12.0.0.zip
$ sudo mv nextcloud /var/www/html/
$ sudo chown -R www-data: /var/www/html/nextcloud

设置data目录在非程序目录并修改权限

$ sudo mkdir /CloudDiskData
$ sudo chown -R www-data: /CloudDiskData

5. 修复问题

1. The test with getenv(“PATH”) only returns an empty response 在php-fpm配置中添加:

$ sudo vi /etc/php/7.0/fpm/php-fpm.conf
env[PATH] = /usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin

2. .htaccess未生效 将data数据目录放到非程序目录下 ? 修改nginx配置

$ sudo vi /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default
location  ~ ^/(data|config|\.ht|db_structure\.xml|README) { deny all; }

? 在data目录中新建文件

$ touch .ocdata

3. The “Strict-Transport-Security” HTTP header is not configured to at least “15552000” seconds. 修改nginx配置,添加并重启

server {
    add_header Strict-Transport-Security max-age=15552000;
}

4. No memory cache has been configured.

$ sudo vi /var/www/html/owncloud/config/config.php
# 添加
'memcache.local' => '\OC\Memcache\APCu',

5. The PHP Opcache is not properly configured

$ sudo vi /etc/php/7.0/fpm/php.ini
opcache.enable=1
opcache.enable_cli=1
opcache.interned_strings_buffer=8
opcache.max_accelerated_files=10000
opcache.memory_consumption=128
opcache.save_comments=1
opcache.revalidate_freq=1

6. 浏览器访问并升级


旧的操作

1. 安装MariaDB

Ubuntu 16.04 安装 MariaDB

更新升级系统:

$ sudo apt update
$ sudo apt upgrade

安装MariaDB:

$ sudo apt install mariadb-server

启动MariaDB服务:

$ sudo systemctl start mysql

查看状态:

$ sudo systemctl status mysql

执行初始化安全脚本,默认root密码为空,设置root密码和其他选项:

$ sudo mysql_secure_installation

2. 为NextCloud创建数据库和用户

创建数据库nextcloud;用户名nextcloud,密码XXXXXXXX

$ sudo mysql -u root -p
MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE nextcloud;
MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON nextcloud.* TO 'nextcloud'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'XXXXXXXX';
MariaDB [(none)]> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
MariaDB [(none)]> \q

3. 安装PHP和相关模块

$ sudo apt-get -y install php-fpm php-cli php-json php-curl php-imap php-gd php-mysql php-xml php-zip php-intl php-mcrypt php-imagick php-mbstring

配置PHP:

$ sudo sed -i "s/memory_limit = .*/memory_limit = 512M/" /etc/php/7.0/fpm/php.ini
$ sudo sed -i "s/;date.timezone.*/date.timezone = UTC/" /etc/php/7.0/fpm/php.ini
$ sudo sed -i "s/;cgi.fix_pathinfo=1/cgi.fix_pathinfo=1/" /etc/php/7.0/fpm/php.ini
$ sudo sed -i "s/upload_max_filesize = .*/upload_max_filesize = 200M/" /etc/php/7.0/fpm/php.ini
$ sudo sed -i "s/post_max_size = .*/post_max_size = 200M/" /etc/php/7.0/fpm/php.ini

重启PHP-FPM:

$ sudo systemctl restart php7.0-fpm

4. 下载NextCloud

$ cd /tmp
$ wget https://download.nextcloud.com/server/releases/nextcloud-12.0.0.zip

解压到 /var/www/ 目录并更改权限:

$ unzip nextcloud-12.0.0.zip
$ sudo mkdir /var/www/
$ sudo mv nextcloud /var/www/html/
$ sudo chown -R www-data: /var/www/html/nextcloud

5. 安装配置Nginx

$ sudo apt-get install nginx nginx-extras

生成自签名证书:

$ sudo mkdir -p /etc/nginx/ssl
$ cd /etc/nginx/ssl
$ sudo openssl genrsa -des3 -passout pass:x -out nextcloud.pass.key 2048
$ sudo openssl rsa -passin pass:x -in nextcloud.pass.key -out nextcloud.key
$ sudo rm nextcloud.pass.key
$ sudo openssl req -new -key nextcloud.key -out nextcloud.csr
$ sudo openssl x509 -req -days 365 -in nextcloud.csr -signkey nextcloud.key -out nextcloud.crt

也可使用免费的 let encrypt,创建Nginx server block文件:

$ sudo vim /etc/nginx/sites-available/nextcloud
server {
    listen 80;
    server_name pan.csxiaoyao.com;
    return 301 https: //$server_name$request_uri;
}
server {
    listen 443 ssl http2;
    server_name pan.csxiaoyao.com;
    root /
    var / www / nextcloud;
    ssl on;
    ssl_certificate / etc / nginx / ssl / nextcloud.crt;
    ssl_certificate_key / etc / nginx / ssl / nextcloud.key;
    ssl_session_timeout 5m;
    ssl_ciphers 'AES128+EECDH:AES128+EDH:!aNULL';
    ssl_protocols TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2;
    ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;
    add_header X - Content - Type - Options nosniff;
    add_header X - Frame - Options "SAMEORIGIN";
    add_header X - XSS - Protection "1; mode=block";
    add_header X - Robots - Tag none;
    add_header X - Download - Options noopen;
    add_header X - Permitted - Cross - Domain - Policies none;
    access_log /
    var / log / nginx / nextcloud.access.log;
    error_log /
    var / log / nginx / nextcloud.error.log;
    location = /robots.txt {
        allow all;
        log_not_found off;
        access_log off;
    }
    location = /.well - known / carddav {
        return 301 $scheme: //$host/remote.php/dav; 
    }
    location = /.well-known/caldav {
        return 301 $scheme: //$host/remote.php/dav; 
    }
    client_max_body_size 512M;
    fastcgi_buffers 64 4K;
    gzip off;
    error_page 403 / core / templates / 403.php;
    error_page 404 / core / templates / 404.php;
    location / {
        rewrite ^ /index.php$uri;
    }
    location ~ ^/ ( ? : build | tests | config | lib | 3rdparty | templates | data) / {
        deny all;
    }
    location~ ^ /(?:.|autotest|occ|issue|indie|db_|console) {
        deny all;
    }
    location ~^/ ( ? : index | remote | public | cron | core / ajax / update | status | ocs / v[12] | updater / . + | ocs - provider / . + | core / templates / 40[34]).php( ? : $ | /) {
        include fastcgi_params;
        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+.php)(/. + ) $;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_path_info;
        fastcgi_param HTTPS on;#
        Avoid sending the security headers twice
        fastcgi_param modHeadersAvailable true;
        fastcgi_param front_controller_active true;
        fastcgi_pass unix: /var/run / php / php7.0 - fpm.sock;
        fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
        fastcgi_request_buffering off;
    }
    location~ ^ /(?:updater|ocs-provider)(?:$|/) {
        try_files $uri / = 404;
        index index.php;
    }
    location~ * .( ? : css | js) $ {
        try_files $uri / index.php$uri$is_args$args;
        add_header Cache - Control "public, max-age=7200";
        add_header X - Content - Type - Options nosniff;
        add_header X - Frame - Options "SAMEORIGIN";
        add_header X - XSS - Protection "1; mode=block";
        add_header X - Robots - Tag none;
        add_header X - Download - Options noopen;
        add_header X - Permitted - Cross - Domain - Policies none;#
        Optional: Don 't log access to assets
        access_log off;
    }
    location ~* .(?:svg|gif|png|html|ttf|woff|ico|jpg|jpeg)$ {
        try_files $uri /index.php$uri$is_args$args;
        access_log off;
    }
    location ~ /.ht {
        deny all;
    }
}

创建链接:

$ sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/nextcloud /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/nextcloud

测试Nginx配置文件:

$ sudo nginx -t

重启nginx:

$ sudo systemctl restart nginx

6. 完成安装

该文章来自网络,本人作为笔记有部分修改。

在 “Nextcloud私网盘搭建” 上有 2 条评论

  1. 照着弄,结果就是全是error
    4. No memory cache has been configured.
    $ sudo vi /var/www/html/owncloud/config/config.php

    这明显没有owncloud
    9012年了 还贴12版本的包

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